ECFMG/FAIMER Awards $180,000 in Grants to Support Global Community Health Projects

Posted on Categories Projects That Work
Attisso Komlan Dabla
Ending Preventable Deaths in Togo is one of six recipients of the 2019 Projects That Work Awards

The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG®) and its Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER®) on Monday announced the award recipients from the 2019 Projects That Work competition. Each of the six projects will receive a $30,000 grant from ECFMG/FAIMER and the opportunity to send a representative to present the project on the world stage.

Launched in 2013, Projects That Work is an annual international competition that shines a spotlight on projects that have had a significant impact on the health of communities and the education of health professionals. This year, for the first time, ECFMG/FAIMER is awarding $180,000 to help recipients expand their work. A representative from each project will present his/her project at the 2019 conference of The Network: Towards Unity for Health (TUFH) to be held September 10-13 in Darwin, Australia.

“The projects are an important link between capacity building of health workers and impact on community health,” says William Burdick, MD, FAIMER’s Vice President for Education. “Our Projects That Work competition highlights the teamwork, innovation, and evaluation that characterize the best of these. We are committed to improving world health through education, and these outstanding projects help advance that important mission.”

For this year’s competition, ECFMG/FAIMER received 53 applications from around the world. Applications were reviewed by a distinguished panel of international reviewers with a wide variety of expertise in health professions education.

The 2019 projects and representatives are:

Project: Chamas for Change: An Integrated Maternal and Child Peer Support and Micro-finance Model in Western Kenya
Country: Kenya
Representative: Laura Ruhl

Chamas for Change is a Community Health Volunteer (CHV)-led peer-support model that empowers women with health education and microfinance literacy during pregnancy and throughout their children’s infancy. Women participating in the program are engaged over three years. They join during the antenatal period and continue through the first and second years postpartum. The intervention combines best practices from women’s health groups and microfinance programs to improve maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) outcomes. Currently, nearly 2,000 women participate in 122 chamas (societies), led by 214 CHVs across the participating counties. A pilot study was conducted and showed a very positive impact on MNCH, and they are in the process of conducting a larger-scale validation study.

Project: ECO-SAN
Country: Rwanda
Representative: Ange Seminega

ECO-SAN was formed in May 2015 as a collaboration between the University of Rwanda and Water for People, to construct latrines for 17 selected families and at three schools for the Batwa, a socially marginalized group in Rwanda that face significant discrimination in education, housing, and employment. There is a high rate of diarrhea and pneumonia-related diseases among the Batwa, so this project aims to raise awareness about hygiene and sanitation through school education and monthly community meetings. The ECO-SAN project has taught thousands of community members proper hygiene techniques, how to properly take care of the latrines, and how to build new ones. By the end of the first year there was a sharp decrease in diarrhea and pneumonia-related cases.

Project: Ending Preventable Deaths in Togo
Country: Togo
Representative: Attisso Komlan Désiré Dabla

The Integrate Health program is aimed at raising the standard of emergency maternal care in under-served and rural areas of Togo, where maternal and child (under five) mortality rates are very high and many of these deaths are from diseases that are entirely treatable at very low costs. The program trains, equips, and supervises community health workers to provide home-based care, and trains traditional healers to help identify danger signs and refer sick women and children to appropriate care. It was piloted effectively in three rural communities and one peri-urban community from 2015 to 2018, and preliminary data indicates a 50 percent reduction in child mortality in those pilot communities.

Project: Improving Malawian Pediatric Assessment and Care through Training (IMPACT)
Country: Malawi
Representative: Charles Mulilima

The IMPACT project began in 2014 to fill the need of providing pre-service Emergency Triage, Assessment, and Treatment (ETAT) training to healthcare professionals in Malawi, ensuring effective patient care to even the most isolated regions. Pre-service ETAT training has been implemented at three universities to teach medical and nursing students early identification management of children with emergency conditions. IMPACT is responsible for the training of lecturers and mobilizing resources for student training. The project leaders also offer refresher training sessions for former students and have developed participant and facilitator manuals for pre-service use. With IMPACT, many new physicians are adequately trained in ETAT procedures and have the skills to perform quality in-patient pediatric care to reduce child mortality.

Project: The Mfangano Health Navigation Program
Country: Kenya
Representative: Robinson Okeyo

The Organic Health Response (OHR) and the Ekialo Kiona Center (EKC) developed the Health Navigation Program to sustainably strengthen maternal emergency care in the Mfangano Island region along the shores of Lake Victoria in Western Kenya. Approximately 30,000 people reside in these remote fishing communities, which are a two-hour boat ride from the mainland and have one of the highest maternal mortality rates in East Africa. Since the project began in 2014, OHR-EKC has trained more than 30 Health Navigators who have aided with nearly 550 emergency transfers between island facilities and mainland hospitals, with an average response time of 14.44 minutes. This project developed comprehensive referral protocols for two remote Ministry of Health facilities, has written safe birth plans for more than 310 pregnancies, and has implemented the region’s first 24-hour emergency boat service.

Project: Wax and Gold
Country: Ethiopia
Representative: Suzanne Hally

Wax and Gold, a non-profit, non-governmental organization, worked with the staff at Saint Paul Hospital Millennium Medical College in Addis Ababa to design a comprehensive program that trains existing hospital staff to provide on-site birthing care, attend all deliveries, and perform newborn stabilization and resuscitation. This Neonatal Advanced Life Support (NALS) team is selected from hospital staff members who have Bachelor of Science degrees and a minimum of two years of bedside patient care experience. Baseline data taken before and after the employment of full-time NALS teams show that neonatal mortality decreased from 3.53 percent to .33 percent, and rate of admission into the newborn intensive care unit decreased from 22.8 percent to 10.4 percent in two years.

Eric Nizeyimana of Rwanda, who originally was selected as a 2018 Projects That Work recipient, also will present at the 2019 Network: TUFH conference. His project is titled Community-Based Malaria Prevention Empowerment.

For more information on the Projects That Work competition, visit www.faimer.org/project-competitions/projects-that-work.html.

Change in CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute Leadership

Posted on Categories FAIMER faculty, Regional InstitutesTags

Last month, FAIMER and Christian Medical College, Ludhiana (CMCL) announced a change in leadership of the CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute. Effective May 1, 2019, the sole Director of the CMCL-FAIMER fellowship program is Dinesh Badyal (CMCL 2007, PHIL 2009).

The CMCL-FAIMER program was the second of FAIMER’s Regional Institutes to be developed, launching in 2006 under the direction of Tejinder Singh (PHIL 2003). Dr. Singh served as the program’s Director from 2006-2019, with Dr. Badyal joining him as Co-Director in 2011.

FAIMER extends its sincere appreciation to Dr. Singh for his contributions to the development and growth of the CMCL-FAIMER fellowship program, and wishes Dr. Badyal continued success!

ECFMG/FAIMER Announces Recipients of 2019 Student Projects for Health Awards

Posted on Categories competitions, Student Projects for HealthTags , ,
Recent Student Projects for Health award recipients presenting their projects at the conference of The Network: Towards Unity for Health.

By developing programs that promote HIV prevention, tackle malnutrition, and combat air pollution, college students around the world aren’t waiting until they graduate to make a difference in their communities, and they are being recognized for their efforts. The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG®) and its Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER®) on Monday announced the recipients of the 2019 Student Projects for Health awards.

Now in its fifth year, the Student Projects for Health competition recognizes students who have made outstanding contributions through projects that promote community health and well-being. It is open to all undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in any course of study who have been participating in such projects. The competition is supported by FAIMER and by ECFMG through its GEMxsm program, which promotes global educational exchange in medicine and the health professions. Since the competition was launched in 2015, ECFMG/FAIMER has presented awards to 75 students from 22 countries.

“Promoting quality medical education and health care worldwide are core to the ECFMG/FAIMER mission,” said William W. Pinsky, MD, President and CEO of ECFMG and Board Chair of FAIMER. “The quality of this year’s projects and the engagement of these students in improving the health of their communities are truly inspiring. The recipients have demonstrated the innovation and diversity of efforts needed to meet global health care needs.”

From the 72 submissions received from around the globe, ECFMG/FAIMER selected 12 students from nine countries to receive this year’s awards. Submissions were reviewed by an international panel of 18 reviewers. They were judged on the quality of the project, degree and nature of the applicant’s participation, the applicant’s contribution to project innovation, the impact of the project, and diffusion and integration of the project.

The award recipients are invited to present their projects during the 2019 conference of The Network: Towards Unity for Health which will be held September 10-13 in Darwin, Australia. The award includes air travel, hotel accommodations, and conference registration fee.

The 2019 recipients are:

  • Oscar Acopiado of Manila, Philippines, a medical student at the University of the Philippines Manila College of Medicine, for the project titled The Quisumbing-Escandor Film Festival for Health
  • Samuel Robert Bunting of Chicago, Ill., a medical student at the Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Sciences Chicago Medical School, for the project titled Interprofessional Collaboration to Increase PrEP Prescription for HIV-Prevention in Primary Care: A Student-Led Initiative
  • Fabrice Humara of Kigali, Rwanda, a pharmacy student at the University of Rwanda College of Medicine & Health Sciences, for the project titled Pharmacy Students’ Engagement in Prison Inmates’ Health Attention to Tuberculosis Disease
  • Hiba Eltayeb Mahgoub of Wad Madani, Sudan, a medical student at the University of Gezira, for the project titled Health Promotion Among School-Aged Children in Wadsrair El-Dar Village
  • Lauren Yu-Lien Maldonado of Durham, N.C., and Los Angeles, Calif., a medical student at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, for the project titled Chamas for Change: An Integrated Maternal and Child Peer Support and Micro-Finance Model in Western Kenya
  • Evode Mbabazi of Kigali, Rwanda, a medical student at the University of Rwanda College of Medicine & Health Sciences, for the project titled CINEMA Education for Health
  • Yidnekachew Girma Mogessie of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, a medical student at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, for the project titled Sexual Health Education for Better Awareness
  • Husna Moola of Cape Town, South Africa, a medical student at the University of Cape Town, for the project titled Prevalence of Dysglycemia in a Population that Attends a Masjid in Cape Town and a Novel Approach to Community Epidemiology
  • Julius Nuwagaba of Kampala, Uganda, a medical student at Makerere University School of Medicine, for the project titled She Decides Project
  • Stephen Odiwuor Ochieng of Juja, Kenya, a medical student at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, for the project titled Early Childhood Development Center Malnutrition Program
  • Nishimagizwe Patience of Kigali, Rwanda, a medical student at the University of Rwanda College of Medicine & Health Sciences, for the project titled CompanionApp
  • Amitavikram Sattigeri of Delhi, India, a medical student at Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, for the project titled WindMe: The Electricity-Free Exhaust Fan for Combating Indoor Air Pollution in Indian Slums

Jeanette Mladenovic, MD, MBA, Selected as Next FAIMER President

Posted on Categories FAIMER staff

Jeanette Mladenovic, MD, MBAThe Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG®) and its Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER) announced today that Jeanette Mladenovic, MD, MBA, has been selected as the next President of FAIMER. Dr. Mladenovic will join FAIMER on August 22, 2019, succeeding John J. Norcini, PhD, who has led FAIMER since May 2002. Dr. Mladenovic will serve as a member of the ECFMG-FAIMER Executive Leadership Team.

“Dr. Mladenovic has demonstrated the commitment to collaboration and innovation that will ensure the continued growth and development of FAIMER as a world leader in promoting global health,” said William W. Pinsky, MD, President and CEO of ECFMG and Chair of the FAIMER Board of Directors. “Under her leadership, FAIMER will continue to be a strategic partner to ECFMG and other organizations that strive to promote quality health care worldwide.”

Dr. Mladenovic has spent her career in academic administrative roles, most recently serving as Executive Vice President and Provost at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), an academic health center comprised of five schools with over 100 degree granting programs, several research institutes, and an integrated health system. Among her many accomplishments were the opening of a new School of Public Health, an Interprofessional Rural Campus distributed throughout the state, a novel campus in Southeast Asia (Thailand, Laos, Myanmar), and a collaborative life sciences building serving three universities. Previously, she held positions as Senior Associate Dean for Graduate Medical Education (two campuses) and Director of Research Education at the University of Miami, Senior Associate Dean and Chair of Medicine at SUNY Downstate, and Chief of Medicine at the University of Colorado and SUNY Stonybrook. A hematologist by training, she oversaw a funded stem cell research laboratory for 18 years. Following her retirement from OHSU in 2017, she founded The Center for Women in Academic Medicine and Science (CWAMS).

Dr. Mladenovic received her undergraduate degree from the University of Washington and is an Alpha Omega Alpha graduate of its School of Medicine. She trained in internal medicine at Johns Hopkins Hospital and Stanford University, with a Chief Residency at the University of Washington, where she also completed fellowship training in hematology. She has an MBA with distinction from the University of Miami, and attended the Harvard Law School Program on Negotiation. Dr. Mladenovic has served in leadership roles for the American Board of Internal Medicine, American Board of Medical Specialties, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, American Society of Hematology, Association of Professors of Medicine, and the Society of Ultrasound in Medical Education.

ECFMG and FAIMER Convene Stakeholders to Discuss Immigration Impacts

Posted on Categories ECFMG, FAIMER, Stakeholder Engagement ForumTags

The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG®) and FAIMER held their first Board meeting of the year April 3-5, which included a biannual Stakeholder Engagement Forum. The spring Forum convened representatives from the U.S. medical education, training, licensing, and immigration law communities to explore the impact of immigration issues on medical education and health care in the United States.

Invited guests included John E. Prescott, MD, Chief Academic Officer, and Matthew Shick, JD, Senior Director of Government Relations & Regulatory Affairs of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC); Kimball Mohn, MD, Executive Director of the Association for Hospital Medical Education (AHME); Humayun Chaudhry, DO, President and CEO of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB); and Kristen Harris, MA, JD, Partner of Harris Immigration Law. These guests joined ECFMG and FAIMER Board members during the half-day session on April 5 to identify and evaluate emerging trends and impacts at the intersection of U.S. immigration and health care.

“Immigration restrictions will have a profound impact on access to quality health care in the United States, and those effects will be felt first in the medical education and training communities,” said William W. Pinsky, MD, President and CEO of ECFMG and Board Chair of FAIMER. “It is essential that those involved in U.S. medical education and training collaborate to share information and to address issues that jeopardize an adequate and high-quality physician workforce.”

Held twice annually in Philadelphia, the Stakeholder Engagement Forums are designed to strengthen partnerships and enhance the perspectives available to ECFMG and FAIMER governance and staff.

2019 FAIMER Regional Institute of Indonesia for Educational Development and Leadership Fellows

Posted on Categories Fellows, Regional InstitutesTags , ,

The FAIMER Regional Institute of Indonesia for Educational Development and Leadership (FRIENDSHIP) welcomed 10 Fellows to its inaugural residential session on February 18, 2019. The FRIENDSHIP program is based at Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, under the direction of 2013 FAIMER Institute Fellow Mora Claramita and 2014 FAIMER Institute Fellow Yoyo Suhoyo.

The 2019 FRIENDSHIP Fellows are:

Gisella Anastasia, MD, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya, Jakarta, Indonesia

Muliati Dolofu, BSc(PH), Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Kendari, Kendari, Indonesia

Oscar Gilang, MD, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Saverina Nungky Dian Hapsari, MD, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Lisa Lestari, MD, Faculty of Medicine, Soegijapranata University, Semarang, Indonesia

Sylvia Mustikasari, MD, MMedEd, Faculty of Medicine, Jenderal Achmad Yani University, Cimahi, Indonesia

Tyas Setya Nugraha, BSc(Pharm), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Banjarmasin, Banjarmasin, Indonesia

Elizabeth Sulastri Nugraheni, MD, Faculty of Medicine, Wijaya Kusuma University, Sidoarjo, Indonesia

Aking Pribadi, MD, Faculty of Medicine, University of Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia

I Gusti Ayu Harry Sundariyati, MD, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Indonesia

2019 FAIMER Institute Fellows

Posted on Categories FAIMER Institute, FellowsTags

On March 3, FAIMER welcomed an incoming class of 19 Fellows to the 2019 FAIMER Institute in Philadelphia. The 2019 FAIMER Institute Fellows are:

Sara Adam, B.Sc., M.Sc., Alneelain University, Sudan

Mona Alsheikh, M.B.B.S., M.H.P.E., Ph.D., Imam Abdulrahman Ben Faisal University, Saudi Arabia

Mitra Amini, M.D., M.P.H., M.S., Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Latha Anandakrishna, M.D.S., Ph.D., Faculty of Dental Sciences, M.S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, India

Ebru Celik, M.D., Koç University, Faculty of Medicine, Turkey

Irma Erana, M.D., Escuela de Medicina Ignacio A. Santos, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico

Christina George, D.D.S., Christian Medical College, India

Tugba Gursoy, M.D., Koç University, Faculty of Medicine, Turkey

Rachmadya Nur Hidayah, B.Sc., M.D., M.Sc., Ph.D., Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Sadia Masood, M.B.B.S., M.H.P.E., Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan

Ehab Saoud Abdelmoneim Mohamed, M.B.Ch.B., M.D., M.Sc., Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt

Mergan Naidoo, M.B.Ch.B., M.Med., M.Sc., Ph.D., University of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

Vitor Pereira, M.D., Ph.D., School of Medicine, University of Minho, Portugal

Bipin Kumar Shrestha, M.B.B.S., M.D., Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences (NAIHS), Nepal

Laxmi Subedi, B.Sc., M.P.H., BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal

Prattama Santoso Utomo, M.D., M.H.P.E., Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Widyandana Widyandana, M.D., M.H.P.E., Ph.D., Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Xiaolin Yang, M.A., Southern Medical University, China

Registration Is Now Open for FAIMER’s 2019 Global Health Matters Forum—Maternal Child Health and the Relation to Family Planning

Posted on Categories Global Health MattersTags , , ,

FAIMER’s annual Global Health Matters forum will take place on Wednesday, March 20, 2019, from 8:30 am to 12:30 pm (UTC – 4) in Philadelphia. The theme of this year’s forum is Maternal Child Health and the Relation to Family PlanningRegistration is now open for virtual participation.

Overview
Planning family size is a complex issue connected to many other social factors including health and economic well-being. Cultural, community, policy, and capacity building issues as they relate to population growth will be discussed from a local and global perspective. Fellows and local participants will be joined by online participants from around the world. By the end of the forum, participants will be able to:

  • Cite global trends in maternal and infant mortality.
  • Recognize the relationship of maternal child health to family planning and identify effective local efforts.
  • Create plans for identifying local factors affecting effective family planning and develop strategies for addressing them.
  • Identify issues affecting the balance of workforce cadres in family planning.
  • Address cultural and political issues that impact family planning efforts.

Keynote speakers:

Mark J. Hathaway, MD, MPH
Dr. Hathaway is Senior Technical Advisor for Reproductive Health at Jhpiego, and an obstetrician-gynecologist. He has served on several national-level work groups and committees, including the Institute of Medicine Standing Committee on Family Planning and the National Contraceptive Metrics Workgroup. He holds appointments at Johns Hopkins University as Adjunct Professor of OB/GYN and at George Washington University as Associate Clinical Professor of Health Care Sciences.

Peter Johnson, PhD, CNM
Dr. Johnson is Senior Director, Nursing and Midwifery at Jhpiego and a nurse midwife. He recently served as Jhpiego’s Director of Global Learning, developing strategic approaches to training and pre-service education, overseeing trainer development, instructional design and monitoring and evaluation of training efforts. As an expert nurse and midwife, Dr. Johnson leads Jhpiego’s nurses and midwives in efforts to strengthen the global nursing and midwifery workforce. He received his PhD in Educational Psychology from University of Buffalo.

Join Us!
Virtual participants—either individuals or small groups—will have access to the live streamed session, and moderators will incorporate virtual participants’ input into plenary discussions. Having at least one other person participate with you will enhance the experience considerably, and small groups of four to six face-to-face participants are ideal. Virtual groups of global participants will also be formed. Click here to register.

Questions about Global Health Matters may be directed to Jennifer Yerkov at jyerkov@faimer.org.

2019 Ain Shams University-Middle East North Africa-FAIMER Regional Institute

Posted on Categories Fellows, Regional InstitutesTags , ,

The Ain Shams University-Middle East North Africa-FAIMER Regional Institute (ASU-MENA-FRI) welcomed 41 Fellows to its inaugural residential session on January 14, 2019. The ASU-MENA-FRI program was developed by a group of Egyptian FAIMER Institute Fellows and is based at Ain Shams University in Cairo, Egypt, under the direction of 2011 FAIMER Institute Fellow Samar Ahmed.

The 2019 ASU-MENA-FRI Fellows are:

Elsayed Abdalla, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., Ph.D., Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

Dalia Abuelenain, M.Sc., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Ayman Afify, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., M.Ed., Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Marwa Ahmed, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., M.D., Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

Hala Abdel Alim, M.Sc., Ph.D., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Haytham Aljaber, M.B.B.S., Hamad Mediacal Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Rajaa Allhiani, M.Ed., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Soha Ashry, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., M.D., D.H.P.E., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Tamer Assar, M.D., Benha University, Qaliubiya, Egypt

Nevine Bahaa, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., M.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Kareim Elbatouty, M.D., Ph.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Noha Elrafie, M.B.B.S., M.Sc., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Zienab Elrefaie, M.B.B.S., M.Sc., M.D., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Abir El Sadik, M.B.B.S., M.Sc., M.D., New Giza University, Giza, Egypt

Ayman Elsamanoudy, M.B.Ch.B., M.S., Ph.D., D.H.P.E., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Hala Elwakil, M.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Ahmed Elzainy, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., M.D., Qassim University, Molida, Saudi Arabia

Gehane Hamed, M.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Mona Abdel Hamid, M.Sc., Ph.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Nagwa Hegazy, M.Sc., M.D., Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Rasha Abou Kamer, M.B.B.S., M.B.Ch.B., M.S., D.H.P.E., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Gehan Khalaf, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., Ph.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Hany Abdel Malak, M.B.B.S., M.Sc., Ph.D., Armed Forces College of Medicine, Cairo, Egypt

Ghada Mansour, M.Sc., Ph.D., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Hayam Mohamed, Ph.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Randa Mostafa, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., Benha University, Qaliubiya, Egypt

Ashraf Omar, M.B.B.S., M.Sc., Ph.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Sahar Omar, M.B.B.S., M.B.Ch.B., M.D., Armed Forces College of Medicine, Cairo, Egypt

Sanaa Radi, M.B.Ch.B., M.S., Ph.D., Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Randa Reda, M.B.Ch.B., M.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Gehan Sadek, Ph.D., Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Aliaa Saleh, M.Sc., Ph.D., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Ahmed Sarhan, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Ansam Seif, M.B.Ch.B., M.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Hala Sweed, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., M.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Reham Tash, M.S., M.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Fatema Turkistani, M.S., Ph.D., Taibah University, Madina, Saudi Arabia

Khadijah Turkistani, D.M.Sc., D.D.S., King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Abuobaida Yassin, M.B.B.S., M.D., M.H.P.E., Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Maha Zakaria, M.Sc., M.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Shahira Zaki, Ph.D., Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt