2007 AERA Annual Meeting

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The 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA), The World of Educational Quality, took place from April 9-13 in Chicago, Illinois. The meeting highlighted significant research around the globe to improve educational systems, address access and opportunity, and strengthen student learning and achievement. Through approximately 2,400 peer-reviewed research symposia, panels, and other scholarly sessions, some of the most important work being done across disciplines and areas of inquiry were presented and considered at the meeting. Presidents and others in the leadership of many international research associations presented to more than 1,500 international participants.

FAIMER staff presentations (with FAIMER staff listed in bold) included:

Evaluating the spoken English proficiency of international medical graduates as part of the USMLE™ Step 2 CS exam.
*Marta J. Van Zanten, John R. Boulet, Danette W. McKinley, Andre F. de Champlain

The relationship between patient satisfaction and clinical competence in a standardized patient assessment.
*Danette W. McKinley, John R. Boulet, Marta J. Van Zanten

*Presenter

The Network: Towards Unity for Health to Hold International Conference in Kampala, Uganda, September 15-20, 2007

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The 2007 conference of The Network: Towards Unity for Health will be held at Hotel Africana in Kampala, Uganda from September 15 to 20, 2007, in cooperation with the Faculty of Medicine, Makerere University, Uganda. The theme of the conference is “Human Resources for Health: Recruitment, Education and Retention.” The Network states that the primary goal of the conference is to explore ways in which innovative approaches by academic health institutions, through their educational, service, and research missions, in collaboration with community partners, can address the challenges to improve the education, recruitment, and retention of human resources for health.

At the conclusion of the conference, there will be an excursion to Mbarara, Uganda, from September 21 to 23. Participants will visit the Mbarara University of Science and Technology, where they will focus on the educational approach of the Faculty of Medicine.

The Network invites abstracts containing empirical, theoretical, or descriptive studies relevant to the field, as well as proposals for mini-workshops and/or didactic sessions. The deadline for abstracts and proposals is June 1, 2007.

For detailed information on the 2007 conference, visit www.the-networktufh.org/conference/.

AAMC Panel Discussion Spotlights Developments in India and Brazil

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Francisco Campos, Brazilian Minister of Health Manpower; Kamal Dwivedi, Counselor of Science and Technology, Embassy of India; and Rosemary Fernandes, CEO, Phoenix Rose LLC, presented their visions of health manpower development in India and Brazil at the ECFMG/FAIMER Update Session at this year’s AAMC Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington. Francisco Campos, whose Ministry is funding the Brazil-FAIMER Regional Institute, emphasized the relationship between the Brazilian Pro Saudé program of the Brazilian Ministry of Health to increase access to health care services throughout the country and the Brazil-FAIMER Regional Institute. Kamal Dwivedi talked about the interest of the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to deepen education methodology and leadership skills of health professions educators through expansion of FAIMER Regional Institutes in that country. Ms. Fernandes currently has a project with the Indian health ministry to develop a network of community health centers in India and proposed alignment of FAIMER faculty development with India’s health center expansion efforts.

7th International Conference on Medical Regulation – November 11-14, 2006 Wellington, New Zealand

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The International Association of Medical Regulatory Authorities (IAMRA) 7th International Conference on Medical Education was hosted by the Medical Council of New Zealand from November 11-14 in Wellington, New Zealand. The conference, titled Medical Regulation: Global Issues – Shared Solutions, featured a number of presentations, panel discussions, and workshops on topics such as cultural competence, physician migration, medical education and training, public expectations, and physician regulation. As part of a program titled, The A, B, C of Regulating Doctors, FAIMER President and CEO, John J. Norcini, Ph.D., gave a presentation on Resources to Help Regulators Understand Medical Schools. Dr. Norcini’s presentation focused on current resources, needs of medical regulators, challenges to creating and maintaining international resources, and strategies for the future. To read Dr. Norcini’s presentation, click here.

AAMC 2006 Annual Meeting

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The Association of American Medical Colleges’ (AAMC) Annual Meeting was held October 27-November 1, 2006 in Seattle, Washington. The following is a list of sessions that FAIMER staff participated in as speakers and/or contributed to as authors. FAIMER staff are listed in bold.

Abstract Presentation

Clinical clerkship experiences of IMGs
Danette W. McKinley, Ph.D., John J. Norcini, Ph.D., M. Brownell Anderson, M.Ed.

Exhibit

Innovations in Medical Education (IME) exhibit
Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER)

RIME Research Paper Presentations

Assessing the underlying structure of the USMLE Step 2 test of clinical skills using confirmatory factory analysis
Andre de Champlain, Ph.D., Kimberly Swygert, Ph.D., David Swanson, Ph.D., John R. Boulet, Ph.D.

Comparing traditional and computer-based training methods for standardized patients
Anthony M. Errichetti, Ph.D., John R. Boulet, Ph.D.

Comparison of characteristics and exam performance: Performance of U.S. and non-U.S. IMGs
John R. Boulet, Ph.D., Danette W. McKinley, Ph.D., John J. Norcini, Ph.D., David B. Swanson, Ph.D.

ECFMG certification and specialty board certification among graduates of Caribbean medical schools
John R. Norcini, Ph.D., Danette W. McKinley, Ph.D., John R. Boulet, Ph.D., M. Brownell Anderson, M.Ed.

Evaluating the measures
Hugh Stoddard, Ph.D., M.Ed. (Moderator), John J. Norcini, Ph.D. (Discussant)

Examinee use of encounter time in a high-stakes SP exam
Danette McKinley, Ph.D., David B. Swanson, Ph.D., Kimberly Swygert, Ph.D., Colette Scott, M.Ed., John R. Boulet, Ph.D.

Modeling longitudinal performances of the USMLE and impact of socio-demographic characteristics
Andre F. de Champlain, Ph.D., Laurel Sample, M.A., Gerard F. Dillon, Ph.D., John R. Boulet, Ph.D.

Relationships among subcomponents of USMLE Step 2 CS and Step 2 CK exams
Polina Harik, M.A., Brian E. Clauser, Ed.D., Irina Grabovsky, Ph.D., Melissa J. Margolis, M.S., Gerard F. Dillon, Ph.D., John R. Boulet, Ph.D.

Sessions

ECFMG and FAIMER update
James A. Hallock, M.D., John J. Norcini, Ph.D., Stephen S. Seeling, J.D.

Making your work, work for you
Ann Brown, M.D. (Moderator), Page Morahan, Ph.D., Roberta Sonnino, M.D., Archana Chatterjee, M.D., Judith K. Katz, Ed.D.

The Network: Towards Unity for Health Conference – September 9-13, 2006 Ghent, Belgium

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The crisis in human resources for health was highlighted at the annual conference of The Network: Towards Unity for Health (TUFH), recently held in Ghent, Belgium (September 9-13), where the conference theme was improving social accountability in education, research and service delivery. Although numerous health-related topics were discussed, the shortage of health professionals, including physicians and nurses in many developing countries was of particular concern. Effective service delivery requires good governance and a system of accountability – one that better manages and balances the global market of health professionals. FAIMER was represented at this meeting by Jack Boulet, Ph.D., Director of Research and Data Resources.

FAIMER staff is currently engaged in several research projects aimed at quantifying the global migration of physicians as well as understanding the underlying reasons for emigration. These activities, in conjunction with various Network resources, can ultimately help to ensure that the global market for health professionals does not deprive poor communities of essential medical services.

More information about the meeting in Ghent, including presentations, is available at http://www.the-networktufh.org/conferences/previousconferences.asp. The next Network:TUFH meeting will be in Kampala, Uganda, September 15-20, 2007 (http://www.the-networktufh.org/conferences/futureconferences.asp).

Humanitarian Healthcare Conference: Challenges and Opportunities in Disaster Relief – September 8-10, 2006 Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH

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The concepts of human capacity building featured prominently in the discussions of the Humanitarian Healthcare Conference held this fall at Dartmouth College. Over 20 aid agencies and organizations gathered in Hanover, NH for two days to discuss ways to improve humanitarian relief efforts. The meeting, jointly sponsored by Dartmouth College, Harvard University, and the International Rescue Committee, was the inaugural event of an anticipated annual conference to be alternately hosted by Dartmouth and Harvard. FAIMER Education Assistant Vice President William Burdick participated in the two-day conference, serving on the Human Resources workgroup led by Karen Hein, of Child Fund International.

4th Asia Pacific Medical Education Conference (APMEC) February 8-11, 2007, Singapore

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Following the overwhelming success of the past three APMECs, the Medical Education Unit, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, will once again be organizing and hosting the 4th APMEC from February 8-11, 2007 at the National University of Singapore, Singapore.

The theme for the 4th APMEC is Outcomes in Medical Education – Trends, Issues, Priorities, Strategies. Several world renowned medical educators have accepted invitations to speak and run workshops at the conference.

The National University of Singapore reports that, as in past years, this conference has attracted considerable local and international participation, with 350 to 400 medical educators from and beyond the Asian region expected to attend.

Early bird conference registration closes on November 15, 2006. For more information, please visit the conference website.

AMEE 2006

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The Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE) annual meeting is recognized as the largest annual international event focusing entirely on medical and health care professions education.

The 2006 conference, held September 14-18, 2006 in Genoa, Italy, focused on teaching and learning in medicine, medical education, and health care needs and assessment. FAIMER was well represented at AMEE. Staff participated in the following workshops, symposia, and short communications:

Workshops

A practical guide to setting defensible performance standards on OSCEs and clinical skills examinations
André F. De Champlain (National Board of Medical Examiners), John R. Boulet, and Marta van Zanten

Assessing the written communication skills of physicians
Thomas Rebbecchi (Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG)), John R. Boulet, and Gerald Whelan (ECFMG)

Mini CEX: A method for assessment and feedback in training
John J. Norcini and Reinhard Westkämper (IAWF, University of Bern, Switzerland)

Work based assessment: Practical lessons from experience with a large national work based assessment programme
Helena Davies (University of Sheffield, UK), Lesley Southgate (University of London, UK), and John J. Norcini

Symposium

The assessment of work
John J. Norcini (Chairperson), Dale Dauphinée (Medical Council of Canada), Bob Galbraith (National Board of Medical Examiners), Val Wass (University of Manchester, UK), and Cees van der Vleuten (University of Maastricht, Netherlands)

Short Communications

Acculturation issues for immigrant physicians
Gerald Whelan*, Marta van Zanten, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, and Barbara Hoekje

Clinical education of graduates of European medical schools
Danette W. McKinley*, John J. Norcini, and M. Brownell Anderson

Development of a compulsory national clinical skills examination in Peru
William P. Burdick*, Pedro Mendoza, Peter Scoles, and John J. Norcini

Do international medical graduates contribute to a culturally and linguistically diverse physician workforce in the United States?
Marta van Zanten* and John R. Boulet

* Presenter

Medical Education in Iran Undergoing Reform

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FAIMER President John Norcini pictured with conference attendees
John J. Norcini, Ph.D., (seated, 4th from left) pictured with conference attendees.

Medical education in Iran is moving towards curricular reform and competency-based postgraduate medical education. As part of this reform, FAIMER President, John J. Norcini, Ph.D., received an invitation from the Council for Graduate Medical Education of Iran to run a series of workshops on assessment.

In July 2006, faculty from universities of medical sciences throughout Iran attended a week long conference held in Tehran. Also in attendance were Dr. Mohagheghi, Deputy Minister for Educational and Student Affairs of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education; Dr. Einollahi, Chair of the Council for Graduate Medical Education; and a number of other important educational authorities.

Dr. Norcini conducted five workshops on key issues in assessment for participants who were members of Curriculum Development Committees and Chairs of the medical specialties Boards of Examiners. He also conducted three plenary sessions for faculty from Tehran University of the Medical Sciences and Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. The Ministry of Health and Medical Education also attended the plenary sessions.

Meetings to discuss possibilities for collaboration were held with Dr. Larijani, President of Tehran University of the Medical Sciences; Dr. Hosseini, Vice-Chancellor for Educational Affairs, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; and other representatives from both universities.

Dr. Norcini noted that workshop attendees were knowledgeable, committed to high quality assessment, and enthusiastic (see picture) and that, going forward, there is a good basis for collaboration in a wide range of areas.

Travel to the conference was funded by the Joint Program Review Mission of the World Health Organization. Drs. Zali, President of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, and Hosseini, Vice-Chancellor for Educational Affairs, provided the facilities for the conference.