A diverse group of experts in Human Resources for Health (HRH) took part in an international meeting on medical education for universal health care systems held in Brasilia, Brazil, on July 19, 2010, as part of the Secretariat of Labor and Education Management for Health’s (SGTES) three-day EXPO SGTES conference. The purpose of the meeting was to foster collaborations between South American countries to strengthen medical education geared towards primary health care. Organized by the Brazilian Ministry of Health in collaboration with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), participants included FAIMER, the Ministry of Education of Brazil, the Ministry of Health of Peru, representatives of PAHO and the World Health Organization, delegations of HRH units in South American countries, South American associations of medical education, and representatives of Brazilian medical schools. Discussions were framed by presentations on several successful initiatives, including the Brasil-FAIMER Regional Institute (BRAZ-FRI). The FAIMER Regional Initiative in Latin America (FRILA) was explored as a possible avenue for expanding collaboration throughout South America. Ralf Graves, M.S., Program Manager of FAIMER Regional Initiatives; Henry Campos, M.D., M.Sc., Ph.D., and Eliana Amaral, M.D., Ph.D., Co-Directors of BRAZ-FRI; Francisco Campos, M.D., head of SGTES and faculty member of BRAZ-FRI; and more than 40 Latin American FAIMER Fellows and members of FRILA were in attendance.