FAIMER Director for Research and Data Resources Danette Waller McKinley Begins Term as Vice President of AERA Division I, Education in the Professions

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dmckinley-news2At the April 2015 Business Meeting of Division I, Education in the Professions, American Educational Research Association (AERA), Danette Waller McKinley, Ph.D., FAIMER’s Director for Research and Data Resources, began her term as Vice President. “I would like to thank the members of Division I for electing me to this esteemed position,” Danette says. “I am fortunate to assume this position at this time; the centennial celebration of AERA will take place next year. In addition to chronicling the accomplishments of the scholars who have generated research on the education of professionals and development of expertise, I hope to increase the division’s visibility and audience through partnership and collaboration with AERA divisions with similar interests, and to engage our international members.”

The 12 divisions of AERA are organized to represent major scholarly or scientific areas within education research that add to the field and the Association as determined by the AERA Council. Division I focuses on the context and conduct of scientific studies that address education in professional practice disciplines, including medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, and nursing. The Division has a long history with AERA, from its beginning as a special interest group for health professions educators in 1971 to its divisional status approval in 1978. As Vice President, Danette will represent the interests of Division I members as she serves as a member of the AERA Council. Her tenure as Vice President over the next three or more years will serve to increase the visibility, both nationally and internationally, of FAIMER and the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) in the professional community.

FAIMER Director for Research and Data Resources Danette Waller McKinley Elected Vice President of AERA Division I, Education in the Professions

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dmckinley-newsDanette Waller McKinley, Ph.D., FAIMER’s Director for Research and Data Resources, has been elected Vice President of Division I, Education in the Professions, American Educational Research Association (AERA), effective in April 2015. The 12 divisions of AERA are organized to represent major scholarly or scientific areas within education research that add to the field and the Association as determined by the AERA Council. Division I focuses on the context and conduct of scientific studies that address education in professional practice disciplines, including medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, and nursing. The Division has a long history with AERA, from its beginning as a special interest group for health professions educators in 1971 to its divisional status approval in 1978. Given the emphasis on education and evaluation of education of professionals, the FAIMER Research staff has been involved in the work of the division for some time. Danette has been a longtime, active member of Division I as a paper submitter and reviewer, presenter, workshop organizer, member of the Established Investigator Awards Committee, and co-chair of the Division I Awards Committee. She was a member of the Division’s Planning Committee for the 2012 Annual Meeting, when FAIMER Associate Vice President for Research and Data Resources Jack Boulet was Program Chair. She has organized sessions supporting Division I’s Learning Communities initiative, and her work with the Awards Committee co-chair and the co-chairs of the Mentoring Committee resulted in a plan to showcase work in progress, engaging newer members of the division. Beginning in 2015, at the conclusion of the AERA Annual Meeting, Danette will represent the interests of Division I members as she serves as a member of the AERA Council. Her tenure as Vice President over the next three or more years will serve to increase the visibility, both nationally and internationally, of FAIMER and the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) in the professional community.

New FAIMER Research Supports Value of Accreditation in Medical Education

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Accreditation of medical schools is generally accepted as important, yet little has been published about its impact. FAIMER Research Scientist Marta van Zanten and FAIMER Director of Research and Data Resources Danette McKinley, along with colleagues Irene Durante Montiel (PHIL 2008) and Concepcion V. Pijano, explore the impact of accreditation in Mexico and the Philippines in their recently published paper:

van Zanten M, McKinley D, Durante Montiel I, Pijano CV. Medical education in Mexico and the Philippines: impact on student outcomes. Medical Education. 2012;46(6):568-592.

Findings in the study support the value of accreditation in medical education. The authors specifically examined the performance of a sample of registrants who took at least one of the three United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE®) components required for Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) Certification, along with another sample of registrants who took all three components. All registrants were from Mexico and the Philippines. Results of the study show that, although there were differences in performance between the two countries, first attempt pass rates on all components were higher for individuals attending accredited medical schools from both countries. In addition, a higher success rate in obtaining ECFMG Certification was associated with registrants from accredited schools in the Philippines who took all three components.

By 2023, physicians applying for ECFMG Certification will be required to graduate from a medical school that has been accredited through a formal process that uses criteria comparable to those established for U.S. medical schools by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME) or that uses other globally accepted criteria, such as those put forth by the World Federation for Medical Education (WFME). For more information on the Medical School Accreditation Requirement for ECFMG Certification, please visit www.ecfmg.org/accreditation.

FAIMER Staff Members Appointed to Key Positions in AERA Division I

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FAIMER staff members Jack Boulet, Associate Vice President for Research and Data Resources; Danette McKinley, Director, Research and Data Resources; and Marta van Zanten, Research Associate, have been appointed to key positions in Division I of the American Educational Research Association (AERA). Division I – Education in the Professions, is dedicated to promoting research and scholarship in education internationally across professions such as architecture, business, dentistry, engineering, law, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, physical therapy, and teaching. It furthers its mission by supporting scholarly presentations and publications, providing opportunities for professional growth, enhancing communication and outreach, and promoting educational research to inform policy and practice.

Dr. Boulet is serving as Chair of the Division I Program Committee for the 2012 AERA Annual Meeting. The theme of the meeting is “Satis Scire: To Know Is Not Enough,” and it will be held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, April 13-17, 2012. This year, Division I received 119 individual paper and eight symposia submissions. The Division I Program Selection Committee met on October 10, 2011, to discuss and synthesize the many reviews, develop paper session themes, and finalize the program. The program will focus on the development of meaningful educational and assessment programs that go beyond the acquisition and evaluation of knowledge to performance and demonstrated service to the public good.

Dr. McKinley is serving as Co-Chair of the Awards Committee along with Summers Kalishman of the University of New Mexico School of Medicine.

Ms. van Zanten is serving as Editor of PERQ (Professions Education Research Quarterly), the Division I newsletter. The most recent edition of the newsletter, which is the first edition edited by Ms. van Zanten, can be found here.

FAIMER faculty member Ara Tekian of the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Medicine is Vice President of Division I. He was elected to a four-year term beginning in 2009. For more information on AERA Division I, please visit the Division I section of the AERA website.

2007 AERA Annual Meeting

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The 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA), The World of Educational Quality, took place from April 9-13 in Chicago, Illinois. The meeting highlighted significant research around the globe to improve educational systems, address access and opportunity, and strengthen student learning and achievement. Through approximately 2,400 peer-reviewed research symposia, panels, and other scholarly sessions, some of the most important work being done across disciplines and areas of inquiry were presented and considered at the meeting. Presidents and others in the leadership of many international research associations presented to more than 1,500 international participants.

FAIMER staff presentations (with FAIMER staff listed in bold) included:

Evaluating the spoken English proficiency of international medical graduates as part of the USMLE™ Step 2 CS exam.
*Marta J. Van Zanten, John R. Boulet, Danette W. McKinley, Andre F. de Champlain

The relationship between patient satisfaction and clinical competence in a standardized patient assessment.
*Danette W. McKinley, John R. Boulet, Marta J. Van Zanten

*Presenter

FAIMER Research Scientist Leads Roundtable on Brain Drain

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Danette W. McKinley, Ph.D., Research Scientist, led a roundtable session at the Global Health Council’s 33rd Annual International Conference on Global Health on June 1, 2006 in Washington, D.C. Dr. McKinley’s presentation, Measuring Brain Drain: Combining Data Sources for Effective Analysis, examined the migration of highly skilled health care workers from less developed countries to more developed countries.

The session was based on a current investigation describing the characteristics and workforce pathways of physicians educated in sub-Saharan Africa who applied for ECFMG Certification between 1990 and 2004. Several data sources were used to quantify the emigration of physicians educated in Africa to the United States over this 15-year period. The study provides an example of how a combination of data sources can be used to inform “brain drain” discussions.