CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute Faculty Conduct Workshop in Bangladesh

Posted on Categories FAIMER faculty, health professions education, Regional InstitutesTags , , , , , , ,
CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute faculty conduct workshop in Bangladesh: Jugesh Chhatwal, Dinesh Badyal, Sheena Singh, Tejinder Singh, Harpreet Kapoor
CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute Faculty at the First International Training Program for Medical Teachers of Bangladesh, from left to right: Jugesh Chhatwal, Dinesh Badyal, Sheena Singh, Tejinder Singh, Harpreet Kapoor

Faculty from the CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute led the First International Training Program for Medical Teachers of Bangladesh in Dhaka, Bangladesh, December 1-3, 2008. Organized at the request of the Health Ministry of Bangladesh, this workshop was the first conducted outside of India by CMCL-FAIMER faculty. The CMCL-FAIMER team was comprised of Tejinder Singh (PHIL 2003), Director of the CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute; Harpreet Kapoor (CMCL 2006; PHIL 2008); Sheena Singh (CMCL 2006); Dinesh Badyal (CMCL 2007); and Jugesh Chhatwal (PHIL 2007).

Sixty-five participants from 16 medical schools in Bangladesh took part in sessions on such topics as group dynamics, microteaching, the One-Minute Preceptor (OMP) method, and the Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) method. Professor Tejinder Singh pointed out that despite the time constraints of the workshop, the leaders decided to showcase FAIMER methodology. “Audience involvement was maximized,” he noted, and “every session was skill oriented and used role playing to drive home the point [of the session].” Post-workshop evaluations were very positive.

Prof. Singh credits William Burdick, FAIMER’s Associate Vice President for Education and Co-Director of the FAIMER Institute, for his guidance and encouragement in bringing about the workshop. The CMCL-FAIMER faculty were delighted by the outcome of the workshop and hope to do more such work in the future.

FAIMER and the CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute faculty gratefully acknowledge the financial support of Eskayef Pharmaceuticals Bangladesh Ltd., Mr. A.M. Faruque, Managing Director; the Shaeed Dr. Shamsuddin Foundation, Ziauddin Ahmed, M.D., Executive Director; and Sajjad Islam, M.D., of Odessa, Texas, who made this workshop possible.

(posted January 7, 2009; updated January 27, 2009)

SAFRI Session Held in Conjunction with South African Association of Health Educationalists (SAAHE) Meeting, June 2008

Posted on Categories conferences, FAIMER faculty, Fellows, Regional InstitutesTags , , ,
Nigerian FAIMER Fellows at SAAHE: Amam Mbakwem, Bosede Afolabi, Oluwabunmi Olapade-Olaopa, Christy Okoromah, Yinusa Raji, and Efosa Oviasu
Nigerian FAIMER Fellows in attendance at SAAHE, from left to right: Amam Mbakwem, Bosede Afolabi, Oluwabunmi Olapade-Olaopa, Christy Okoromah, Yinusa Raji, and Efosa Oviasu.

More than 20 FAIMER Institute alumni from five African countries (South Africa, Zambia, Nigeria, Uganda, and Ethiopia) and four FAIMER faculty members (from the United States, United Kingdom, and Malaysia) joined the 2008 Southern Africa-FAIMER Regional Institute (SAFRI) Fellows at the South African Association of Health Educationalists (SAAHE) meeting of about 300 health professions educators at Stellenbosch University on June 19-21, 2008. A total of 22 posters and oral presentations were presented by 13 FAIMER alumni (indicated below in bold):

Bezuidenhout J, Young G. The odyssey of the critical professional. SAAHE 2008:52.

FAIMER Institute alumni and faculty: Amam Mbakwem, Janet Grant, Efosa Oviasu, David Cameron, Juanita Bezuidenhout, Vanessa Burch, Oluwabunmi Olapade-Olaopa, Yinusa Raji, Bosede Afolabi, Enoch Kwizera, Page Morahan, Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde, Ben van Heerden, Marietjie van Rooyen, Christina Tan, Solomon Genet, Sarah Kiguli, Francois Cilliers, Jacqueline van Wyk, and Ara Tekian
FAIMER Institute alumni and faculty, from left to right: Amam Mbakwem, Janet Grant, Efosa Oviasu, David Cameron, Juanita Bezuidenhout, Vanessa Burch, Oluwabunmi Olapade-Olaopa, Yinusa Raji, Bosede Afolabi, Enoch Kwizera, Page Morahan, Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde, Ben van Heerden, Marietjie van Rooyen, Christina Tan, Solomon Genet, Sarah Kiguli, Francois Cilliers, Jacqueline van Wyk, and Ara Tekian.

Burch V and FAIMER. Clinical practice intentions of African-trained medical students – a case study of 10 medical schools. SAHHE 2008:54

Cameron D. Breaking bad news – can the film, Wit, help students to reflect on the complexities of dying? SAAHE 2008:55.

Van Wyk JM, McKinley D, Burch V, Cameron D, Cilliers F. The effect of gender on physicians’ career intentions: a report from South Africa. SAAHE 2008:168.

FAIMER Institute Alumni, Faculty, and SAFRI Fellows
FAIMER Institute Alumni, Faculty, and SAFRI Fellows

Hugo JFM, van Rooyen M, Blitz JJ, Cameron D. Mentoring consultation skills through a structured assessment. SAAHE 2008:73.

Blitz JJ, Cameron D, van Rooyen M, Hugo JFM. Action learning for curriculum development. SAAHE 2008:127.

van Rooyen M, Blitz JJ, Cameron D, Hugo JFM. Student behaviour informs learning opportunities: HIV exposure incidents. SAAHE 2008:165.

Cilliers FJ, Adendorff HJ, Bitzer EM, Herman N, Schuwirth LWT, van der Vleuten CPM. Assessment impacts on learning, you say? Please explain how. SAAHE 2008:58.

Cameron NA, van Heerden BB, Cilliers FJ, van Zyl ME. Medical student electives: how do they compare with other learning opportunities? SAAHE 2008:128.

deVilliers MR, van Heusden M, van Heerden B. Evaluation of the clinical progress interventions for medical students not demonstrating academic progress. SAAHE 2008:60.

Louw AJN, Gerber MF, Meyer CJ, Strijdom JG, Cameron N, Beukes S, van Heerden BB, van Heusden M. New interdisciplinary foundation phase for health sciences at Stellenbosch University. SAAHE 2008:81.

van Heerden BB, Aldrich CA, du Plessis SA, Jemwa GT, de Jager R, Louw AJN. Predicting student success in the first year of a medical curriculum using neural network analysis. SAAHE 2008:111.

Wilson van Aarde NW, Bouhuijs P, Conradie HH, Rueter H, van Heerden BB, Marais BJ. Perceived educational value of a rural clinical rotation for medical students. SAAHE 2008:114.

Higgins-Opitz SB, McLean M, van Wyk J, Moodley K, Naidoo SS. Final year medical students: perceptions of the practice of medicine. SAAHE 2008:72.

Kwizera EN. Post-graduate training preferences of Walter Sisulu University medical graduates. SAAHE 2008:78.

Garcia-Jardon ME, Blanco-Blanco EV, Kwizera EN, Stepien A, Vasaikar S. Correlation between continuous assessment, final exam and final mark for MB ChB at Walter Sisulu University. SAAHE 2008:135.

Kiguli SK. Addressing the gaps in paediatrics clinical clerkship through south to south collaboration. SAAHE 2008:142.

Kiguli-Malwadde EK. Learning radiology in the problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum at the Faculty of Medicine, Makerere University. SAAHE 2008:143.

Mbakwem AC, Oke DA, Ajuluchukwu JNA, Amadi CA, Adanijo MO, Ajoku N. Assessment of medical students’ attitude to the introduction of communication and counseling skills training. SAAHE 2008:146.

Oviasu E, Omeumu CE. Clinical skills evaluation in a resource constrained Nigerian environment. SAAHE 2008:155.

Raji Y, Ajani RS, Shittu OI. Admission scores and students’ performance in preclinical examinations. SAAHE 2008:161.

van Rooyen M. Prof, I’m tired and stressed! SAAHE 2008:167.

In addition, 2005 FAIMER Institute Fellow Christina Tan, M.B.B.S., was invited by the SAAHE Organising Committee to deliver one of the plenary lectures, entitled “Assessing the Assessors.” The following comments from 2007 FAIMER Institute Fellow Amam Mbakwem, M.B.B.S., Senior Lecturer, University of Lagos, illustrate the usefulness of FAIMER’s support in advancing the field of health professions education: “The meeting in South Africa was quite rich in content. For me there was a deepening of some of the concepts which are quite new for those of us not so versed in medical education. The mix of international speakers allowed one to see the two sides of the coin on some of the burning issues in training or assessment methods and then pitch your tent when you decide on what makes sense to you and will work in your environment. I presented a part of my project and … had interesting comments and questions from other participants. I hope to develop the manuscript and come along with it during our second session to get some more comments. Also, contacts and links to other health educators in South Africa and likelihood of collaborative work were made. Also we gleaned some information as to how SAFRI was being run which we could piggy-back on when WAFRI [West Africa-FAIMER Regional Institute] takes off. There is also the social aspect to it. It was so nice meeting the South African FAIMER fellows again. Also I could put faces to some of the listserv contributors from that region.”

(posted September 3, 2008; updated October 3, 2008)

2008 GSMC-FAIMER Regional Institute

Posted on Categories Regional InstitutesTags , ,
Fellows and faculty of the 2008 GSMC-FAIMER Regional Institute
Fellows and faculty of the 2008 GSMC-FAIMER Regional Institute

FAIMER’s first Regional Institute, the GSMC-FAIMER Regional Institute, turned four years old in June 2008, as Seth G.S. Medical College in Mumbai, India once again welcomed 16 new Fellows for the beginning session of their two-year program, and welcomed back Fellows from the 2007 class as they began their second on-site session. The new Fellows brought with them their proposals for education innovation projects, which were further developed and refined with the help of local and international faculty. 2008 Fellows also benefited from the project development experiences of the 2007 Fellows, who presented final reports on their projects in poster sessions.

In addition to project work, Fellows participated in sessions on a variety of topics related to leadership, management, adult learning, research, scholarship, teamwork, conflict management, and time-management skills. The Fellows’ collaborative learning now continues in the intersession as the two groups and members of the faculty are providing mutual support and assistance while further developing projects, research, scholarship, and learning through a listserv and on-line discussion groups.

2008 PSG-FAIMER Regional Institute

Posted on Categories Fellows, Regional InstitutesTags , ,

A new class of 16 Fellows attended the PSG-FAIMER Regional Institute at PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research in Coimbatore, India, April 16-21, 2008. They were joined for the final two days of their program by the returning class of 2007, who participated in their second residential session April 20-23. This occasion marked the successful completion of the first joint session for the PSG-FAIMER Regional Institute, which was launched last year.

The 2008 Fellows spent much of the first several days developing education innovation project plans, which they presented during the intersecting period in small groups made up of Fellows from both classes and members of the Institute faculty. The 2007 Fellows then had an opportunity to present posters detailing the progress they have made on the projects that they launched a year ago. The two classes will continue to build their newly expanded professional networks with on-line discussions using FAIMER’s Mentoring and Learning Web.

Director Thomas Chacko, M.B.B.S., M.D., was joined in presenting the Institute by an able team of local faculty and staff at PSG, visiting Indian faculty comprised of former FAIMER Fellows, and international faculty from the United States and the United Kingdom.

The following is a list of participating 2008 Fellows:

Ashwini Appaji, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, India

Shital Bhandary, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal

Komaladevi Sampath Damodar, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, India

Mangala Charana Das, NRI Medical College, India

Anthony David, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, India

Amol Donge, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Animesh Jain, Kasturba Medical College, India

Feroze Kaliyadan, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Gopalakrishnan Muhammad, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, India

Chitra Nagaraj, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Kathamuthu Padmavathy, AIMST University, Malaysia

Baranitharan Ramamoothy, PSG College of Physiotherapy, India

Logeswari Selvaraj, Theni Medical College, India

Sundarakumar Sundarajan, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, India

Satish Sylvester, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, India

Nirmala Thangavelu, PSG College of Nursing, India

(posted April 10, 2008; updated April 30, 2008, May 16, 2008)

2008 CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute

Posted on Categories Fellows, Regional InstitutesTags , ,
Fellows and faculty of the 2008 CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute
Fellows and faculty of the 2008 CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute

On January 16, 2008, the Christian Medical College, Ludhiana (CMCL) welcomed a new class of 16 Fellows at the CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute. Fellows learned about a variety of teaching techniques for medical education such as the one-minute preceptor (OMP) and the mini clinical examination (mini-CEX) and worked extensively with faculty advisors on their own curriculum innovation projects. After an intensive four days, they were joined by the returning class of 2007 Fellows for a two-day combined program. The two classes converged with Mentor-Learning Web assignments and celebrated their new relationships by exchanging co-mentoring bracelets. The 2008 class presented their project plans followed by the 2007 group’s poster presentations on their completed projects. When the 2008 Fellows returned to their home institutions to begin implementing their projects, the 2007 class remained for an additional two-day program to further their knowledge and skills in research, scholarship, and sustaining change.

The hard work of participants was interspersed with a varied program of social and recreational activities. Highlights included a bonfire dinner with traditional dancers in glorious costumes providing entertainment, a day trip to the Golden Temple of Amritsar, and the sunset ceremony at the Indian-Pakistani border. Fellows and faculty alike will have wonderful memories of these experiences.

Director Dr. Tejinder Singh was ably assisted in the organization and presentation of the institute by a talented team of local faculty at CMCL, including Drs. Dinesh Badyal, Jugesh Chhatwal, Harpreet Kapoor, Gagandeep Kwatra, and Sheena Singh. They were joined by a number of visiting Indian and international faculty, as well as a guest observer from Bangladesh, Dr. Anwarul Azim of the Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College in Dhaka.

The following is a list of participating 2008 Fellows:

Sheikh Sajjad Ahmed, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Sukhlecha Anupam, M.P. Shah Medical College, India

Sattar M. Bhatti, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, India

Anurag Chaudhary, Dayanand Medical College, India

Kalyan Goswami, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Maya Arun Jamkar, B.J. Medical College, Pune, India

Navneet Kaur, University College of Medical Sciences, India

Manjit Mohi, Government Medical College, Patiala, India

Syed Ziaur Rahman, J.N. Medical College, Aligarh, India

Praveen R. Singh, Pramukhswami Medical College, India

Suman P. Singh, Pramukhswami Medical College, India

A.M. Siraj, Melaka Manipal Medical College, India

S. Sitalakshmi, St. John’s Medical College, India

Bharathi Subramaniam, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Gadicherla Suman, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, India

Bharti Uppal, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, India

(posted February 22, 2008; updated April 30, 2008)

FAIMER Regional Institute Applications

Posted on Categories applications, Regional Institutes

Applications for the FAIMER Regional Institutes are available on the FAIMER website. Interested applicants may apply for any of the Regional Institutes during their respective open application periods. The on-line application for the CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute will be available from June 15 to October 15, 2008. This on-line application process assigns applicants a user ID, enabling them to save and return to a partially completed application; check the status of a submitted application; update a previous application for another submission; and perform other application management functions.

(posted September 14, 2007; updated November 13, 2007, November 19, 2007, November 28, 2007, December 12, 2007, December 20, 2007, April 30, 2008)

2008 Southern Africa-FAIMER Regional Institute

Posted on Categories Fellows, Regional InstitutesTags ,
Fellows and faculty of the 2008 Southern Africa-FAIMER Regional Institute
Fellows and faculty of the 2008 Southern Africa-FAIMER Regional Institute

The newest addition to the family of FAIMER Regional Institutes, the Southern Africa-FAIMER Regional Institute (SAFRI), was launched in mid-February. SAFRI, FAIMER’s first regional initiative on the continent of Africa, is piloting a program configuration that includes three residential contact sessions over the course of the two-year fellowship. The second residential session will take place in June of this year, and the third will take place in March 2009. In addition to participants from medical schools, the inaugural SAFRI class includes representatives from schools of physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, public health, and laboratory sciences. Two of the Fellows are from Uganda and one is from Zambia, with the rest from South Africa. The same interactive teaching methods used at other Regional Institutes were used in South Africa, with great success. Faculty at the February session of SAFRI included seven FAIMER Fellows. Five additional FAIMER Fellows will participate as faculty at the June session.

The following is a list of participating SAFRI Fellows:

Gerda Botha, University of Limpopo, South Africa

François de Villiers, University of Limpopo, South Africa

Wilma de Witt, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Christian Ezeala, Kampala International University, Uganda

Jose Frantz, University of the Western Cape, South Africa

Alwyn Louw, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Lastina Lwatula, Ministry of Health, Zambia

Samuel Maling, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda

Karien Mostert, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Gloria Mtshali, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Nirmala Naidoo, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Franciscus Peters, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Glynis Pickworth, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Saraswathi Singaram, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Anna Voce, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Firdouza Waggie, University of the Western Cape, South Africa

(posted February 22, 2008; updated March 7, 2008, March 17, 2008, April 30, 2008)

2008 Brazil-FAIMER Regional Institute

Posted on Categories Fellows, Regional InstitutesTags ,

Twenty-five new Fellows were added to the ranks of the Brazil-FAIMER Regional Institute, as the second year of the program got underway. When last year’s Fellows returned to work with the new Fellows, the assembled group of 50 became the largest FAIMER Regional Institute overlap session to date. An educator from the medical school in Angola was funded by the Ministry of Health to observe the program. Feedback from participants, as well as local and international faculty, indicates that the three-week program was a tremendous success. During the overlap period, one day was devoted to a National Medical Education (NME) event, which strategically focused on collaboration between the Association of Brazilian Medical Schools (ABEM), the Ministry of Health, and the Brazil-FAIMER Regional Institute.

The following is a list of participating 2008 Fellows:

Cláudia Márcia Barreto, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil

Vera Therezinha Medeiros Borges, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brazil

Izabel Cristina Meister Coelho, Faculdade Evangélica do Paraná, Brazil

Paulo José Medeiros de Sousa Costa, Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas, Brazil

Carla Rosane Ouriques Couto, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Paraíba , Brazil

Lucélio Bernardes Couto, Universidade de Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Regina Maria Lugarinho da Fonseca, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Rosa Malena Delbone de Faria, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil

Maria José Salles de Farias, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brazil

Luiz Roberto de Oliveira, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Brazil

Maria Viviane de Vasconcelos, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Brazil

Patricia Tempski Fiedler, Faculdade Evangélica do Paraná, Brazil

Vera Lúcia Garcia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brazil

Suely Grosseman, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil

Marina Romanello Joaquim, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil

Carlos Alberto Lazarini, Faculdade de Medicina de Marília, Brazil

Valéria Menezes Peixeiro Machado, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

Francisco das Chagas Medeiros, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Brazil

Edna Regina Pereira, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Brazil

Valéria Góes Ferreira Pinheiro, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Brazil

Mariangela Cainelli de Oliveira Prado, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil

Marcelo da Silva Sechinato, Faculdade de Medicina de Itajubá, Brazil

Valquiria de Lima Soares, Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas, Brazil

Luiz Fernando Farah Tofoli, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Brazil

Maria José Pereira Vilar, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

(posted January 9, 2008; updated March 17, 2008)

CMCL Hosts First Regional Institute Faculty Development Workshop

Posted on Categories FAIMER faculty, Regional InstitutesTags , , ,
Faculty development workshop participants at Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
Faculty development workshop participants at Christian Medical College, Ludhiana

In August 2007, the Directors and key faculty members of FAIMER’s five Regional Institutes came together in Philadelphia for the first time for a five-day Directors and Faculty of FAIMER Regional Institutes (DAFFRI) program that included strategic planning activities and teaching skills development sessions. One of the outcomes of this meeting was a decision and an action plan to provide further faculty development opportunities in the regions. The first realization of this goal took place in December 2007 at Christian Medical College, Ludhiana (CMCL) in India.

Director of the CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute, Tejinder Singh, and his team initially planned a one-day workshop to provide opportunities for teaching practice and constructive feedback to session presenters from the faculties of any of the FAIMER Regional Institutes in India. However, the idea generated so much interest that the format was expanded to give other faculty who had not previously been exposed to a FAIMER program an opportunity to participate. A total of 33 faculty members from six medical schools enrolled in the workshop, 11 of whom presented teaching practice sessions on topics from the regional institute curriculum over the course of two days.

Throughout the sessions, presenters made deliberate attempts to showcase a number of adult learning principles and interactive teaching techniques. Methods employed included a variety of discussions, role-plays, and group work formats. The scope of the feedback covered not only the presentation skills of the session leader but also the syllabus, reading materials, and visual aids that accompanied the presentation.

Director Tejinder Singh commented that he was particularly impressed by the superb time management that characterized the execution of the program, as it finished exactly on time at the end of the second day. According to Tejinder, this remarkable achievement had nothing to do with the planned shopping excursion immediately following the workshop. The event was such a great success that CMCL is already planning an encore faculty development workshop for the spring of 2008.

2008 CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute to Begin on January 16

Posted on Categories Fellows, Regional InstitutesTags , ,

The 2008 CMCL-FAIMER Regional Institute will begin on January 16, under the direction of Tejinder Singh. The following individuals have been chosen to participate:

Sheikh Sajjad Ahmed, M.D.
Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar
India

Sukhlecha Anupam, M.D.
M.P. Shah Medical College, Jamnagar
India

Sattar M. Bhatti, M.S.
Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
India

Anurag Chaudhary, M.D.
Dayanand Medical College, Ludhiana
India

Kalyan Goswami, M.D.
Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha
India

Maya Arun Jamkar, M.D.
B.J. Medial College, Pune
India

Navneet Kaur, M.S.
University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi
India

Manjit Mohi, M.D.
Government Medical College, Patiala
India

Syed Ziaur Rahman, M.D.
J.N. Medical College, Aligarh
India

Praveen R. Singh, M.D.
Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
India

Suman P. Singh, M.D.
Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
India

A.M. Siraj, M.D.
Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal
India

S. Sitalakshmi, M.D.
St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore
India

Bharathi Subramaniam, M.D.
Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok
India

Gadicherla Suman, M.D.
M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore
India

Bharti Uppal, M.D.
Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
India