FAIMER Research Scientist Marta van Zanten, Ph.D., and N. Lynn Eckhert, M.D., Dr.P.H., of Partners HealthCare International, recently coauthored a Perspective piece for the New England Journal of Medicine, titled “U.S.-Citizen International Medical Graduates—A Boon for the Workforce?” Nearly 14% of applicants for residency positions in the United States are U.S.-citizen graduates of international medical schools (USIMGs), who are more likely to enter primary care fields compared to graduates of U.S. medical schools. The large majority of USIMGs graduated from medical schools located in the Caribbean region. In this Perspective, the authors describe data available on these international medical schools, and outline some of the issues related to Caribbean USIMGs and their contribution to the U.S. physician workforce.
The Perspective appeared in the April 30, 2015 issue (Vol. 372 No. 18) of the NEJM.
At the April 2015 Business Meeting of Division I, Education in the Professions, American Educational Research Association (AERA), Danette Waller McKinley, Ph.D., FAIMER’s Director for Research and Data Resources, began her term as Vice President. “I would like to thank the members of Division I for electing me to this esteemed position,” Danette says. “I am fortunate to assume this position at this time; the centennial celebration of AERA will take place next year. In addition to chronicling the accomplishments of the scholars who have generated research on the education of professionals and development of expertise, I hope to increase the division’s visibility and audience through partnership and collaboration with AERA divisions with similar interests, and to engage our international members.”
The 12 divisions of AERA are organized to represent major scholarly or scientific areas within education research that add to the field and the Association as determined by the AERA Council. Division I focuses on the context and conduct of scientific studies that address education in professional practice disciplines, including medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, and nursing. The Division has a long history with AERA, from its beginning as a special interest group for health professions educators in 1971 to its divisional status approval in 1978. As Vice President, Danette will represent the interests of Division I members as she serves as a member of the AERA Council. Her tenure as Vice President over the next three or more years will serve to increase the visibility, both nationally and internationally, of FAIMER and the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) in the professional community.
FAIMER President and CEO John Norcini, Ph.D., was honored to receive a gold medal from the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties (SCFHS), in recognition of his services to medical and postgraduate education. The medal was awarded during the 2nd SCFHS International Conference, held April 11-13, 2015, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
The SCFHS is the organization responsible for supervising and evaluating training programs, issuing professional classification certificates for health care practitioners, qualifying trainees, and setting controls and standards for the practice and development of health professions in Saudi Arabia. Its aim is to meet international standards by improving professional performance, developing and encouraging skills, and enriching scientific theory and practice in the health professions.
FAIMER President and CEO John Norcini, Ph.D., was recently awarded an Honorary Fellowship of the Academy of Medical Educators (AoME) during an Awards Ceremony at the Annual Academic Meeting of the AoME on October 22, 2014, at The Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists in the United Kingdom. Honorary Fellowship is the highest award of the AoME and is bestowed upon individuals who have made an outstanding contribution to both medical education and to the Academy.
An article authored by FAIMER President John Norcini and several other FAIMER staff members was the subject of a recent Key Literature in Medical Education (KeyLIME) podcast by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. The article, titled “The Relationship Between Licensing Examination Performance and the Outcomes of Care by International Medical School Graduates,” appeared in the August 2014 issue of Academic Medicine. The 20-minute podcast can be accessed on the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada website.
We are pleased to announce that FAIMER Fellow and faculty member Rashmi Vyas, M.B.B.S., M.D., M.H.P.E., has joined our staff in Philadelphia, as Cross Cultural Educationalist. Dr. Vyas is a 2003 FAIMER Institute Fellow. She serves on the faculty of the FAIMER Institute in Philadelphia, as well as the CMCL FAIMER, GSMC-FAIMER, and PSG-FAIMER Regional Institutes in India. She is also a 2005 International Fellowship in Medical Education (IFME) Fellow, and earned her Master’s Degree in Health Professions Education from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 2010.
Prior to joining FAIMER, Dr. Vyas worked as a Professor in the Department of Physiology at Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India. Her main interests are in curriculum innovations, faculty development, program evaluation, and qualitative research. She was course organizer for the Post Graduate Diploma in Family Medicine for recent M.B.B.S. graduates, run by CMC Vellore. She also served as Convener for the Medical Council of India Regional Centre for National Faculty Development as well as the MCI Nodal Centre for advanced courses in medical education at CMC Vellore. Dr. Vyas has contributed as an expert in the curriculum development of basic and advanced courses in medical education at the Medical Council of India. She serves as a reviewer for many journals in health professions education.
In her role as Cross Cultural Educationalist, Dr. Vyas looks forward to working in the area of International Health Professions Education, with a focus on the cross cultural context. She will be involved in FAIMER’s existing education programs, including the FAIMER Institute and Regional Institutes; and will also be involved in the strategic planning of future FAIMER educational activities, educational projects and research, and the development of global programs. Through these efforts, Dr. Vyas hopes to contribute to FAIMER’s mission of improving the health of communities by improving health professions education.
FAIMER President and CEO John Norcini, Ph.D., has been selected to receive the 2014 Karolinska Institutet Prize for Research in Medical Education for his important contributions to research in medical education, especially his pioneering research on knowledge decay, specialty certification, and the development of new methods of assessment.
Dr. Norcini will receive the award and a prize amount of €50,000 at a ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 17.
This international prize is awarded for outstanding research in medical education. The purpose of the prize is to recognize and stimulate high-quality research in the field and to promote long-term improvements of educational practices in medical training. “Medical” includes all education and training for any health science profession. The prize is made possible through financial support from the Gunnar Höglund and Anna-Stina Malmborg Foundation. It is currently awarded every second year.
“Professor Norcini’s research output is consistently of the highest originality and quality, and his empirical work has improved the practice of medical education around the globe. His work has had a widespread, positive impact on the research and practice of medical education and has resulted in many subsequent studies by other researchers. He is one of the key contributors to the entire field of research in medical education,” says Professor Sari Ponzer, Chair of the Prize Committee.
Danette Waller McKinley, Ph.D., FAIMER’s Director for Research and Data Resources, has been elected Vice President of Division I, Education in the Professions, American Educational Research Association (AERA), effective in April 2015. The 12 divisions of AERA are organized to represent major scholarly or scientific areas within education research that add to the field and the Association as determined by the AERA Council. Division I focuses on the context and conduct of scientific studies that address education in professional practice disciplines, including medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, and nursing. The Division has a long history with AERA, from its beginning as a special interest group for health professions educators in 1971 to its divisional status approval in 1978. Given the emphasis on education and evaluation of education of professionals, the FAIMER Research staff has been involved in the work of the division for some time. Danette has been a longtime, active member of Division I as a paper submitter and reviewer, presenter, workshop organizer, member of the Established Investigator Awards Committee, and co-chair of the Division I Awards Committee. She was a member of the Division’s Planning Committee for the 2012 Annual Meeting, when FAIMER Associate Vice President for Research and Data Resources Jack Boulet was Program Chair. She has organized sessions supporting Division I’s Learning Communities initiative, and her work with the Awards Committee co-chair and the co-chairs of the Mentoring Committee resulted in a plan to showcase work in progress, engaging newer members of the division. Beginning in 2015, at the conclusion of the AERA Annual Meeting, Danette will represent the interests of Division I members as she serves as a member of the AERA Council. Her tenure as Vice President over the next three or more years will serve to increase the visibility, both nationally and internationally, of FAIMER and the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) in the professional community.
The projected shortage of primary care physicians in the United States is well documented, and current trends indicate that the numbers of graduates of U.S. medical schools may not be sufficient to fill these roles. FAIMER Research Scientist Marta van Zanten and FAIMER Associate Vice President for Research and Data Resources John R. Boulet quantify the contribution that graduates of Caribbean medical schools make to the U.S. primary care workforce in their recently published paper:
van Zanten M, Boulet JR. Medical education in the Caribbean: The contribution of Caribbean-educated physicians to the primary care workforce in the United States. Academic Medicine. 2013;88(2):276-81
Findings in the study indicate that graduates of Caribbean medical schools make an important contribution to the U.S. primary care workforce. Specifically, the authors used the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile and ECFMG data to determine the numbers of physicians providing direct patient care. They classified these physicians according to type of medical school from which they graduated, and then calculated frequencies and percentages of self-designated primary care specialties for each physician classification. Results of the study show that graduates of Caribbean medical schools had the highest proportion of physicians practicing primary care, followed by D.O., all other IMGs, and lastly, graduates of U.S. M.D.-granting schools.
On December 12, 2012, former FAIMER intern Robbert J. Duvivier earned both his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Maastricht in the Netherlands. The title of Dr. Duvivier’s thesis is Teaching and Learning Clinical Skills: Mastering the Art of Medicine. He has worked with various international medical education organizations, such as the European Medical Students’ Association (EMSA) and the International Federation of Medical Students’ Associations (IFMSA). He has also represented medical students as part of the executive committee of the Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), and the executive council of the World Federation for Medical Education (WFME). Beginning in January 2013, Dr. Duvivier will join the FAIMER Research and Data Resources department as a visiting scholar.