Anthony LaDuca, Ph.D.
Dr. Anthony LaDuca has been active in the evaluation and assessment of health professionals for nearly 40 years. He has been Associate Professor of Health Professions Education at the Center for Educational Development at the University of Illinois Medical Center, Chicago, and Associate Professor of Medicine at Hahnemann Medical College, Philadelphia. In 2007, he retired from the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) as Principal Assessment Scientist after a 25-year career. At NBME he directed the development of a new physician licensure examination that included the creation of the Generalist Practice Model, a concept that was embraced later by the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE®). The central idea of a practice model is that effective analysis of professional competence relies on a robust theory of the situations in which a target professional works. For patient-contact medical specialties, a model of clinical encounters is required, one that addresses variations in patients, their presenting problems, and the places in which clinical encounters occur. The assumptions underlying this approach are drawn from sociology and psychology.
Dr. LaDuca’s research interests have included definitions of clinical competence, licensure test design, content validation, clinical judgment, contextual practice analysis, and systematic techniques for writing multiple-choice test items. He has published on a wide range of educational topics and he has presented workshops and papers throughout the United States, Europe, Canada, and China.